Voronezh State University of Forestry and Technologies Named after G.F. Morozov

Periodical printed edition (journal)

 

ISSN 2308-8877

Registration certificate PI No. FS 77-79357 dated 16.10.2020 (previously PI No. FS 77 - 66379 dated 14.07.2016 and PI No. FS 77-54416 dated 10.06.2013)

№2 (53) 2021

ACTUAL DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE FORESTRY COMPLEX

 

Butko G.P., Yakovenko N.V. INCREASING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE TIMBER INDUSTRY COMPLEX BY MEANS OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-7-17

Abstract: Management of the competitiveness of the regional forestry sector is defined by social, economic, environmental, institutional and other factors as an impact on the regional forestry sector and its actors in order to create and strengthen competitive advantages in the domestic and foreign markets, to maintain the integrity and sustainable development of the sector, reflected in the indicators that characterise the state of competitiveness. The availability and condition of forest capital is studied on a time-discounting basis, taking into account factors such as forest maturity and logging turnover. Based on the strategic level of forest capital competitiveness, the degree of implementation of the forest capital competitiveness strategy is determined in two ways: a) forest capital competitiveness based on traditional technologies; b) forest capital competitiveness based on innovations. To assess the competitiveness of forest capital, it is proposed to use the indicator "Estimated incremental value of forestry capital". In the authors' opinion, the calculation of this indicator should be defined as the ratio of financial flow in the form of the sum of net profit and depreciation to the value of assets. The proposed author's approach makes it possible to estimate innovation resources, the application of which will make it possible to identify priority areas of innovative growth of the timber industry complex and select priority areas of its innovative development.

Keywords: innovation, timber industry complex, competitiveness.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS

 

Kuksova I.V., Zinovyeva I.S. RATIONAL STRUCTURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ECONOMY MANAGEMENT

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-18-27

Abstract: The article is devoted to the development of the methodology of rational management of the economics of environmental management. The importance of this study stems from the need to establish principles and strategies for sound economic management to promote economic development, sustainable resource use, reduce environmental problems and support human livelihoods. This article highlights the latest developments in the field of economic development management strategies for environmental management. Regulatory forecasts are proposed to rationalize management in accordance with the strategic goals and the achievement of established measures for the development of the environmental economy, which allows to ensure the country's competitiveness. Theoretical approaches and practical recommendations for the formation of the structure of rational management of the economy of natural resource use have been developed. The article reflects the current research results in the field of development of the methodology of rational management of the economics of environmental management. The features of environmental management are revealed and their assessment is proposed, where the functional purpose of rationalization, the purpose and the direction of the results are highlighted as classification signs. The practical experience of the level of achievement of planned values ​​of indicators of environmental state subprograms in the Russian Federation is analyzed. The advantages of rational management of nature management economics are shown. The key elements of this article can be used as theories and strategies for justifying, selecting and implementing economic and economic projects, integrating environmental protection measures, mitigating environmental impacts, mitigating the effects of climate change and managing climate change. The conclusions drawn are based on an assessment of good or bad governance and technical judgment.

Keywords: structure, economy, environmental management, rational management, irrational management, forecasting.

 

FUNCTIONING AND DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL ECONOMY

 

Azarova N.A. THEORETICAL DISCOURSE OF THE INTERACTION OF HUMAN CAPITAL AND ECO-INNOVATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGIONAL ECONOMY

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-28-37

Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the growing trends in the quality of the environment in the regions, in the pursuit of trends in the development of the "green economy" in the Russian Federation. The author studied the issue of the prospects for solving environmental problems within the framework of state documents developed in the field of developing solutions to environmental problems in the country's economy and the economy of the regions for sustainable development. The way to activate these processes will be environmental innovations. The author put forward a controversial assumption about the possibility of interaction between human capital and environmental innovations in a regional context, highlighted the prerequisites for creating eco-innovations at the regional level, determined the target group (youth) for the prospects of researching environmental-oriented behavior to stimulate the economically innovative sustainable development of the region. Research was carried out in the form of surveys of this target category, priority directions for the application of the development of environmentally friendly activities of youth were identified in the form of participation in public organizations, environmental festivals, the use of mobile applications for environmental public control. Under the influence of these tools, human capital acquires new qualities: the growth of social environmental responsibility and environmental culture in the region. This trend will also be a sign of the emergence of a civil society.

Keywords: human capital, environmental innovations, regional economy.

 

Zaretskaya V. G., Borzenkov V.D.,  Zakharov Y.S. BUDGETARY EXPENDITURE: PROBLEMS OF INHOMOGENEITY IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-38-48

Abstract: The state, as a system, presupposes the homogeneity of the economic space, which also applies to budget expenditures per capita in each region. Russia is distinguished by extremely uneven size of the regional budget, which, according to the authors, poses a threat to the integrity of the economic space and hinders economic growth in general.

The aim of the study is to show the heterogeneity of Russian regions in terms of the level of budget expenditures per capita.

The work investigated the ongoing processes of convergence and divergence in terms of the level of regional budgetary expenditures. Standard deviation and coefficient of variation were used as a tool to measure the level of convergence.

In the course of the study, distinct convergence processes were identified until 2013, and then the termination of these processes.

The processes of regional convergence require more active government action in the redistribution of budgetary funds, which was possible before the onset of the financial crisis and general stagnation processes that have been observed in the economy after 2012.

The task of the state at this stage is to overcome regional differences in the provision of the basic needs of the inhabitants of the regions (education, medicine, housing conditions).

Keywords: region, budgetary expenditures per capita, homogeneity, convergence.

 

INNOVATION PERSPECTIVE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

 

Ivanova E.Yu, Kolesnichenko E.A. ANALYSIS AND DIRECTIONS FOR IMPROVING THE SYSTEM OF INCENTIVES FOR EMPLOYEES IN THE CIVIL SERVICE

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-49-61

Abstract: The article examines the actual problem of stimulating the work of civil servants. The authors analyzed the theoretical aspects of motivation and stimulation and concluded that the interpretations of the concepts of motivation and stimulation have significant differences, and the emphasis should be on the combination of material and non-material tools. The analysis of the motivation system for civil servants was carried out on the basis of materials from one of the departments of the regional administration. It was revealed that for certain structural divisions of the civil service, an outflow of personnel is characteristic, and the main reasons are: dissatisfaction with the level of material support; discrepancy between the level of wages and the costs of individual resources for the implementation of labor activities; lack of recognition of their merits. The authors analyzed the content of tangible and intangible instruments in the public administration system and concluded that the main principles of intangible incentives for civil servants should be: justice, equal opportunities, objectivity, consistency, transparency, awareness. Recommendations on the effective use of the system of non-material incentives are offered: ways of non-material incentives for an employee should be tangible; carry out only an objective assessment of the results of activities; the criteria should be made clear, transparent and easily verifiable; the indicators, in accordance with the achievement of which the incentive is carried out, must be achievable; control at all stages of measures for non-material incentives for employees.

Keywords: civil service, civil servants, incentive system for professional performance, motivation.

 

MODERN TECHNOLOGIES OF MANAGEMENT

 

Kakou N.R., Bezrukova T.L. ASPECTS OF MANAGEMENT OF INNOVATION AND INVESTMENT DEVELOPMENT OF THE RAW MATERIALS SECTOR: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS, DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIONS

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-62-75

Abstract: The study reflects the management aspects of innovation and investment development of the commodity sector on the example of the African Republic. The key problems of African countries are problems caused by dependence on world commodity prices. When examining the dynamics of the development of the commodity sector (production of cashew nuts) in the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, the need to increase the country's resilience to the volatilization of world prices and global demand has been identified. The authors noted that to achieve this goal it is necessary to increase the competitiveness of cashew products on the world market and to steadily increase processing. The novelty of the study is to consider changing the vector of development of the cashew sector in order to intensify processing in the country and minimize dependence on world prices for raw cashews. The relevance of the research results on the creation of value added in the agro-industrial complex is based on its importance and the need to make innovative and investment decisions for conducting in the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, as well as in Russia and other foreign countries. The authors analyzed the dynamics of the development of the cashew sector in the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire and noted its stability since the 1990s and during 2000–20019, and conducted a comparative analysis to increase the share of the country's cashew products in world production. Innovation and investment trends in the development of the cashew sector in the African Republic are considered with the help of World Bank investments, public and private investments. For the development of processing enterprises, the government needs to effectively use innovative solutions and investment resources. Proposed measures to ensure the steady growth of cashew nuts processing. The work includes examples from the World Bank, the government, the National Cotton and Cashew Council (CCA), foreign companies in the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire on innovative and investment development, industrialization of the cashew sector and the creation of new jobs in this sector to increase employment of the population.

keywords: agribusiness, raw materials sector, innovative development, innovative solutions, investments, management decisions.

 

Morkovina S. S., Netrebskaya O. A., Manmareva V. V. RISK FACTORS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND THEIR ASSESSMENT IN FORESTRY IN RUSSIA

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-76-91

Abstract: The article deals with the complex groups of risks of state forest management: strategic; managerial; operational (natural and climatic), legal (legal), property (related to property, forest resources and land), financial, commercial, technological; informational; security risks; design (software); reputational. Macro-level risk factors determine the state forest policy, transformed into strategies, development programs and implemented at the level of the Ministry of Natural Resources. Risk factors at the meso-level of forest management determine the effectiveness of the interaction of the Federal Forestry Agency with participants in forestry relations in order to ensure rational, continuous and sustainable forest management, reproduction, protection and protection of forests. Micro-level factors are implemented in regional forestry systems. For the purpose of assessing their significance and probability of occurrence, an expert method was used, implemented at the meso and micro levels of state forest management. The most priority for the state forest management at the meso-level are strategic (programmatic), financial, commercial risk factors, as well as security risks, while for the micro-level, natural-climatic and personnel risk factors are also among the priorities. To create a unified state risk management system in forest management, it is necessary to develop a unified approach that takes into account complex risk groups differentiated in the context of regional systems.

Keywords: state forest management, risks, risk assessment, forestry.

 

ECONOMICS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP: THEORY AND PRACTICE POINT OF VIEW

 

Bykov A. A., Chupin R. I., Zyablitseva Y. Yu., Sofronov A.F. RISKS IN THE GRAIN MARKET OF THE SIBERIAN FEDERAL DISTRICT: CAUSES, TOOLS AND MANAGEMENT METHODS

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-92-102

Abstract: The article presents the factors that negatively affect the development of grain production and the grain market of the Siberian Federal District (SFD). The key types of risks that have a negative impact on the development of the grain market of the SFD are presented: production, market and social. The reasons for the emergence of agroecological, technological, innovative, macroeconomic, foreign trade, commercial and social risks in the grain market of the Siberian Federal District are determined. Macroeconomic risks are represented by external and internal risks. Effective tools and methods for risk management in the grain market of the Siberian Federal District are proposed. The applied tariff barriers (the average bound tariff) and their size, which are applied by the main grain importing countries of the SFD for the commodity group «Cereals», are determined. The countries-importers of grain of the SFD applying non-tariff barriers to the commodity group «Cereals» are presented. The forecast of grain production in the SFD until 2025 is given. The article draws conclusions and presents the volume of grain export from the SFD, which will be achieved as a result of the application of the proposed tools aimed at minimizing the negative impact of risks on the grain market and the development of transport and logistics infrastructure.

Keywords: grain market, grain, Siberian Federal District, risks, transport and logistics infrastructure.

 

Kirilchuk I. O., Vertakova J. V., Belyakova O. I., Tyurin I. E. DEVELOPMENT OF A CROWDSOURCING INTERNET PORTAL FOR THE DETECTION AND CONTROL OF THE NUMBER OF RARE AND ENDANGERED PLANT SPECIES IN THE URBAN ECOSYSTEM ON THE EXAMPLE OF KURSK

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-103-116

Abstract: Currently, at least 10% of plant species and even more animals are threatened with extinction on the planet Earth. The rate of extinction of species is 50-100 times higher than the natural rate. This trend has continued over the past 20-25 years. There are 439 endangered species in the Kursk region. Of these, 160 species of fauna, 265 species of plants and 14 species of fungi. The problem of conservation of rare and endangered plant species can be solved by their timely detection, subsequent monitoring and protection in specific habitats. Based on this, the purpose of this study is to develop tools for creating the most complete databases of rare and endangered plant species in urban ecosystems based on crowdsourcing methods and modern information technologies. At the initial stage of the implementation of projects for the conservation of biodiversity, the main difficulty lies in the mass identification of the presence of plant and animal species that are subject to protection on the territory of the city. It is possible to solve this problem using crowdsourcing methods. The team of the Southwestern State University has developed an Environmental crowdsourcing portal of the Kursk Region. This portal is designed on a modular basis, it includes various modules, including a module designed to solve the problem of biodiversity conservation. The module is developed using HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, PHP and functions in user and administrator modes. Additionally, the functional blocks of thematic databases are designed using MySQL. Based on the database tables and the Yandex Maps API documentation, blocks for loading and displaying information on an interactive map have been developed. The module ensures the involvement of a wide range of urban population to identify the presence of plant and animal species that are subject to protection on the territory of the city. The module of the Environmental Crowdsourcing Portal of the Kursk Region considered in the article provides not only a solution to the problem of filling the database of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, but, like all crowdsourcing environmental projects, contributes to improving the level of environmental education of citizens, forming their consciousness and active life position.

Keywords: conservation of biodiversity, rare and endangered species, plants, crowdsourcing, information technology, internet portal.

 

Kulikov A.V., Bliznyakova E.A. RESEARCH OF EFFECTIVE TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS LINKS IN THE ORGANIZATION OF INTERNATIONAL MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT MINERAL FERTILIZERS

DOI: 10.34220/2308-8877-2021-9-2-117-130

Abstract: Modern agriculture cannot do without the use of mineral and organic fertilizers. Mineral fertilizers are produced by large holdings both in Russia and abroad, and Russian enterprises have subsidiaries distributed throughout the world. The latter factor makes mineral fertilizers one of the most export-oriented branches of the chemical industry in Russia. According to official statistics in 2019 Russian agricultural companies supplied more than 21 million tons of mineral fertilizers to foreign markets, which determines the peculiarities of the country's market.

The purpose of the study is to determine the optimal assignment of consumers to suppliers of mineral fertilizers in the organization of multimodal transportation. The article considers the period of the beginning of the reorientation of the production of mineral fertilizers for export. The issue of creating domestic ports specialized in the transshipment of fertilizers has been studied. The volumes of production and consumption of specific countries and regions that are included in export-import operations with each other are analyzed. Routes of transportation of fertilizers with determination of the shortest distances are studied. The optimization of the existing route option for the delivery of nitrogen and potash fertilizers to Brazil is proposed.

Keywords: mineral fertilizers, production and consumption of fertilizers, international transportation of mineral fertilizers, routes, transport work, export and import of fertilizers.